In the s and s, the initial success of Solidarity in particular, and of dissident movements in general, was fed by a deepening crisis within Soviet-influenced societies. There was declining morale, worsening economic conditions a shortage economyand growing stress from the Cold War. A year later, during his first pilgrimage to Poland, his masses were attended by hundreds of thousands of his countrymen. The Pope called for the respecting of national and religious traditions and advocated for freedom and human rights, while denouncing violence.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Solidarity was founded in Septemberwas forcibly suppressed by the Polish government in Decemberand reemerged in to become the first opposition movement to participate in free elections in a Soviet-bloc nation since the s.
The KOR supported families of imprisoned workers, offered legal and medical aid, and disseminated news through an underground network. By early Solidarity had a membership of about 10 million people and represented most of the work force of Poland.
Film narrated by an American commentator with an anticommunist viewpoint speculating on the role that Solidarity might play in Poland's future.
Stock footage courtesy The WPA Film Library Throughout the government led by General Wojciech Jaruzelski was confronted by an ever stronger and more demanding Solidarity, which inflicted a series of controlled strikes to back up its appeals for economic reforms, for free elections, and for the involvement of trade unions in decision making at the highest levels.
On December 13,Jaruzelski imposed martial law in Poland in a bid to crush the Solidarity movement.
Solidarity was declared illegal, and its leaders were arrested. The union was formally dissolved by the Sejm Parliament on October 8,but it nevertheless continued as an underground organization. In April the government agreed to legalize Solidarity and allow it to participate in free elections to a bicameral Polish parliament.
In the elections, held in June of that year, candidates endorsed by Solidarity won 99 of seats in the newly formed Senate upper house and all seats of total that opposition candidates were entitled to contest in the Sejm lower house. In August Solidarity agreed to form a coalition government with the PUWP, and a longtime Solidarity adviser, Tadeusz Mazowieckion August 24 became the first noncommunist premier to govern Poland since the late s.Jul 29, · The Evolution of the Polish Solidarity Movement THE EVOLUTION OF THE POLISH SOLIDARITY MOVEMENT – BY KIERAN INGLETON.
The Solidarity movement in Poland is arguably one of the most unique and inspiring movements in modern European history. It was not a movement that began in , but rather a continuation of a working class and Polish intelligentsia movement that began in , and continued in two other risings, in and The most significant of these risings began in the shipyards of the 'Triple City', Gdansk, Sopot and Gdynia in The Solidarity movement in Poland was one of the most dramatic developments in Eastern Europe during the Cold War.
It was not a movement that began in , but rather a continuation of a working class and Polish intelligentsia movement that began in , and continued in two other risings, in and Its membership reached million members before its September Congress (when it reached 10 million), which constituted one third of the total working-age population of Poland.
In the s, Solidarity was a broad anti-bureaucratic social movement, using the methods of civil resistance to advance the causes of workers' rights and social pfmlures.com name: Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy „Solidarność”.
The history of Solidarity (Polish: Solidarność, pronounced [sɔliˈdarnɔɕt͡ɕ]), a Polish non-governmental trade union, began on August 14, , at the Lenin Shipyards (now Gdańsk Shipyards) at its founding by Lech Wałęsa and others.
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