Transformational and transactional theories Essay: InBernard Bass articulated the transformational and transactional approach and initiated mass research on the topic, which is continuing still today.
Transformational leadership Executive Summary Transformational leadership has rapidly become the approach of choice for much of the research and application of leadership theory.
In many ways, transformational leadership has captured the imagination of scholars, of noted practitioners, and of students of leadership. Research on transformational leadership and related charismatic approaches has grown exponentially. Why such interest in transformational leadership?
Perhaps it is because transformational leadership, with its emphasis on intrinsic motivation and on the positive development of followers, represents a more appealing view of leadership compared to the seemingly "cold," social exchange process of transactional leadership.
Perhaps it is because transformational leadership provides a better fit for leading today's complex work groups and organizations, where followers not only seek an inspirational leader to help guide them through an uncertain environment but where to followers also want to be challenged and to feel empowered, Transformational leadership theory essay they are to be loyal, high performers.
The purpose of this report is to explore transformational leadership critically and how an organization is enhanced by understanding and practicing transformational leadership. First, this study addresses the history of theories of leadership and how modern leadership theory has evolved, nothing in particular the progression from trait theories which suggest that leaders possess particular traits which facilitate their development and also the beliefs of style theorists, most of whom advocate more democratic approach to leadership rather than what they term an autocratic style.
This study then reference the Transformational Leadership construct as developed by Burns and extended by Bass The context in which this leadership paradigm has evolved is examined to determine relevant socio-cultural factors which may facilitate the development of this type of leadership.
Introduction A new paradigm of leadership has captured widespread attention. James MacGregor Burns conceptualized leadership as either transactional or transformational. Transactional leaders are those who lead through social exchange.
As Burns notes, politicians, for example, led by "exchanging one thing for another: Inthe same way, transactional business leaders offer financial rewards for productivity or deny rewards for lack of productivity.
Transformational leaders, on the other hand, are those who stimulate and inspire followers to both achieve extraordinary outcomes and, in the process, develop their own leadership capacity.
Transformational leader help followers grow and develop into leaders by responding to individual followers needs by empowering them and by aligning the objectives and goals of the individual followers, the leader, the group, and the larger organization.
More evidence has accumulated to demonstrate that transformational leadership can move followers to exceed performance, as well as lead to high levels of follower satisfaction and commitment to the group and organization Bass,a. Transformational leadership has been popular research topic for the last two decades.
Research on this topic has produced ample evidence that transformational leadership enhances employee attitudes and performance Bass,Lowe et al. Studies on transformational leadership have, however, focused on objective performance measures such as sales volume, profit margin, and stock product performance Geyer and Steyer, ; Howell and Avolio,in addition to employees satisfaction and commitment to their organizations Hater and Bass; Barling et al.
There is no study that addressed transformational leadership with regard to service quality. However, both psychology and economics supported contingent reinforcement-offering a reward or compensation for a desired behaviour-as the underlying concept for the study of leadership.
Leadership was seen primarily as an exchange relationship e. In addition, active management-by-exception corrective leadership for failure of a follower to comply is more varied in effects, and passive management-by-exception "if it isn't broke, don't fix it" is contraindicated as an effective act of leadership, for, as Levinson suggested, if you limit of a follower to rewards with carrots for compliance or punishment with a stick for failure to comply with agreed-on work to be done by the follower, the follower will continue to feel like a jackass.Transformational leadership theory conceptualized in the late ’s, proposed that leaders could motivate followers through shared vision and mutual interest to uplift the entire organization to a higher morality (Burns, ).
Transformational leadership model proves to be efficient not only in business, but in all other sectors where it is implemented. In order to strengthen the position of transformational leadership, so examples from the past and present are portrayed in this essay.
In a historical perspective, Yates () describes about Genghis khan. Number of Leadership theories evolved on the basis of Trait, Behavioral, Transformational, Situational, Charisma. Researchers and thinkers made efforts linking some of the theories across these leadership islands.
But each model has its own pros, cons, assumptions & limitations. WritePass - Essay Writing - Dissertation Topics [TOC]IntroductionTransformational leadership styleCriticism of transformational leadership theory in the context of employee motivationConclusionReferenceRelated Abstract Among the various styles of leadership styles, transformational leadership has gained more popularity and attention, perhaps due to its productive, .
The transformational leadership theory is one of the strong leadership theories. It fosters capacity development and brings the higher levels of personal commitment amongst the followers of organizational objectives.
The transformational leadership theory is appropriate for the proposed study’s conceptual framework. Transformational leaders use business leadership skills that transform employee behaviors and actions.